Small interfering RNA targeting heme oxygenase-1 enhances ischemia-reperfusion-induced lung apoptosis.

Published

Journal Article

Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is emerging as an important cytoprotective enzyme system in a variety of injury models. To optimize future therapeutic applications of HO-1, it is necessary to delineate the precise functions and mechanisms as well as modes of externally regulating HO-1 expression. Investigations have been limited by difficulties with the generation of HO-1 null mice and the lack of specific HO-1 inhibitors. Lung ischemia-reperfusion (I-R) injury is the inciting event in acute lung failure following transplantation, surgery, and shock. To study the function of HO-1 in I-R-induced lung injury, we designed small interfering RNA (siRNA) sequences that effectively suppress HO-1 expression both in vitro and in vivo in an organ-specific manner. In this study we show that there is enhanced apoptosis, via increased Fas expression and caspase 3 activity, in the presence of HO-1 siRNA in endothelial cells and mouse lung during I-R injury, whereas HO-1 overexpression attenuates apoptosis. To the best of our knowledge, we are the first to demonstrate that lung-specific siRNA delivery can be achieved by intranasal administration without the need for viral vectors or transfection agents in vivo, thereby obviating potential concerns for toxicity if siRNA technology is to have clinical application in the future.

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Zhang, X; Shan, P; Jiang, D; Noble, PW; Abraham, NG; Kappas, A; Lee, PJ

Published Date

  • 2004-03-01

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 279 / 11

Start / End Page

  • 10677 - 10684

PubMed ID

  • 14688267

Pubmed Central ID

  • 14688267

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1083-351X

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0021-9258

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1074/jbc.m312941200

Language

  • eng