Blockade of cardiac sodium channels. Competition between the permeant ion and antiarrhythmic drugs.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

A number of basic and clinical studies suggest that elevation of external sodium concentrations, [Na]o, may reverse the cardiotoxic effect of local anesthetic-class drugs. The mechanisms of reversal are uncertain. The blocking action of lidocaine and disopyramide were studied over a range of [Na]o. Both whole-cell voltage clamp and single-channel recordings were performed on isolated rabbit myocytes at 17 and 22 degrees C, respectively. In the presence of lidocaine, an inactivated channel blocker, the level of steady-state block in response to pulse train stimulation was not affected by variations in [Na]o from 20 to 150 mM. Estimates of the rate of dissociation of drug from the channel also were unaffected. In contrast, steady-state block by disopyramide, a drug that blocks open channels, was decreased as [Na]o was increased. Single-channel measurements suggest that the influence of [Na]o on channel current amplitude was small, 12% for a 25 mM increase in [Na]o. This increase in single-channel current amplitude would affect drug-free channels only, in that our studies suggest that drug-associated channels do not conduct. The association rate constant of disopyramide with open single sodium channels was decreased from 10 x 10(6) to 5 x 10(6)/M per s by an increase in [Na]o from 120 to 180 mM. Elevation of [Na]o may reverse the blocking action of local anesthetic-class drugs by an increase in single-channel current amplitude or by a decrease in drug association rate with the sodium channel. The occurrence of the latter action depends on the mode of block of the specific agent.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Barber, MJ; Wendt, DJ; Starmer, CF; Grant, AO

Published Date

  • August 1992

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 90 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 368 - 381

PubMed ID

  • 1322937

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC443111

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0021-9738

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1172/JCI115871


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States