Role of transforming growth factor-beta in hematologic malignancies.
Journal Article (Journal Article;Review)
The transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) signaling pathway is an essential regulator of cellular processes, including proliferation, differentiation, migration, and cell survival. During hematopoiesis, the TGF-beta signaling pathway is a potent negative regulator of proliferation while stimulating differentiation and apoptosis when appropriate. In hematologic malignancies, including leukemias, myeloproliferative disorders, lymphomas, and multiple myeloma, resistance to these homeostatic effects of TGF-beta develops. Mechanisms for this resistance include mutation or deletion of members of the TGF-beta signaling pathway and disruption of the pathway by oncoproteins. These alterations define a tumor suppressor role for the TGF-beta pathway in human hematologic malignancies. On the other hand, elevated levels of TGF-beta can promote myelofibrosis and the pathogenesis of some hematologic malignancies through their effects on the stroma and immune system. Advances in the TGF-beta signaling field should enable targeting of the TGF-beta signaling pathway for the treatment of hematologic malignancies.
- Dong, M; Blobe, GC
- June 15, 2006
Volume / Issue
- 107 / 12
Start / End Page
- 4589 - 4596
Pubmed Central ID
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
- United States