Predictors of prostate cancer tissue acquisition by an undirected core bone marrow biopsy in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer--a Cancer and Leukemia Group B study.
PURPOSE: Analyzing metastatic prostate cancer tissue is of considerable importance in evaluating new targeted agents, yet acquiring such tissue presents a challenge due to the predominance of bone metastases. We assessed factors predicting a successful tumor harvest from bone marrow biopsies (BMBx) in castration-resistant metastatic prostate cancer patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data from Cancer and Leukemia Group B study 9663 were reviewed. Bone marrow biopsies were obtained from 184 patients who underwent an office-based, unguided bone marrow biopsy of the posterior iliac crest. RESULTS: Forty-seven of the 184 patients (25.5%) had a positive bone marrow biopsy. When considered in a multivariate logistic regression analysis, lower hemoglobin levels, higher alkaline phosphatase, and higher lactate dehydrogenase levels were associated with a higher likelihood of a positive BMBx. The median survival time was 11 months (95% confidence interval, 8.0-14) among patients with a positive BMBx compared with 23 months (95% confidence interval, 19-27) with a negative BMBx. The median time to progression and time to prostate-specific antigen progression-free survival were also significantly decreased among positive BMBx patients. No patients with a positive BMBx survived beyond 3 years, whereas 11 of the 137 patients with a negative BMBx survived beyond 5 years. DISCUSSION: Using common laboratory values, a specific patient cohort can be defined from whom the yield of a nonguided BMBx would be high enough to justify this approach. For studies that require broader entry criteria, a more directed approach with image guidance is recommended.
Ross, RW; Halabi, S; Ou, S-S; Rajeshkumar, BR; Woda, BA; Vogelzang, NJ; Small, EJ; Taplin, M-E; Kantoff, PW; Cancer and Leukemia Group B,
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