Renal responses during a dry saturation dive to 450 msw.
Four subjects were compressed to a simulated depth of 450 msw (46 bar) for 37 days in the main research chamber of the German underwater simulator diving facility at the GKSS Research Center, Geesthacht. The ambient gas was trimix. Urine was collected at 0700, 1300, and 1900 h each day for analysis of Na+, K+, volume, osmolality, and creatinine. Urine, antidiuretic hormone (ADH), and aldosterone were analyzed separately. Daily fluid, Na+, and K+ intake were analyzed throughout the dive. The aim of the investigation was to confirm the existence of a diuresis and natriuresis which had been observed in earlier saturation dives to 31 atm abs using He-O2. A significant diuresis was observed during compression despite a decrease in fluid intake. After compression the diuresis decreased somewhat but remained significantly above precompression control levels during the entire hyperbaric exposure. No significant change in fluid intake was observed. Daily Na+ and K+ excretion increased significantly during compression, which was accompanied by a significant increase in nocturnal excretion of Na+ and K+. Daily intake of Na+ and K+ decreased throughout the dive. Daily urine ADH decreased immediately upon compression and was associated with a parallel decrease in urine osmolality. In contrast, urinary aldosterone excretion exhibited no change during the dive despite the increase in Na+ and K+ excretion and decrease in Na+ intake.
Goldinger, JM; Hong, SK; Claybaugh, JR; Niu, AK; Gutman, SI; Moon, RE; Bennett, PB
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