Cerebral blood flow and oxygen delivery during hypoxemia and hemodilution: role of arterial oxygen content.
To determine the role of arterial O2 content (CaO2) in the cerebral blood flow (CBF) responses to hypoxemia and hemodilution, CaO2 was progressively reduced from approximately 18 to approximately 6 ml O2/dl in normocapnic, normothermic, pentobarbital-anesthetized rabbits. This was done either by reducing PaO2 (hypoxemia, minimum PaO2 approximately 26 mmHg) or arterial hematocrit (isovolemic hemodilution with hetastarch, minimum hematocrit approximately 14%) while CBF was measured with radioactive microspheres. As CaO2 decreased, CBF increased in both groups but was greater in hypoxemic animals at CaO2 values < or = 9 ml O2/dl. For example, at a CaO2 approximately 6 ml O2/dl, CBF in hypoxemic animals was 110 +/- 38 ml.100 g-1.min-1 (means +/- SD) compared with 82 +/- 22 ml.100 g-1.min-1 in hemodiluted animals (means +/- SD). While calculated cerebral O2 delivery (cerebral DO2) was well maintained in hypoxemic animals, it decreased significantly during hemodilution (from 7.95 +/- 2.92 baseline to 5.08 +/- 1.10 ml O2/dl.100 g-1.min-1 at the lowest CaO2 value). This decrease in cerebral DO2 was offset by an increase in oxygen extraction ratio during hemodilution. By contrast, the small increase in oxygen extraction ratio seen with hypoxemia did not achieve significance. These results suggest that there are different adaptive responses to acute hypoxemia or hemodilution . They also imply that at similar CBF and CaO2 values, tissue O2 availability may be greater during hemodilution than during hypoxemia.
Todd, MM; Wu, B; Maktabi, M; Hindman, BJ; Warner, DS
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