The role of new vessels and macrophages in the development and resolution of edema following a cortical freeze lesion in the mouse.
The role of an influx of macrophages and neovascularity in the resolution of vasogenic edema is not well defined. The inhibition of these processes with x-irradiation or parenteral corticosteroid administration was used to evaluate their contribution to the resolution of edema around a cortical freeze lesion in mice. The resorption of Evans blue, a marker of protein extravasation, was delayed in x-irradiated mice on the second day following a freeze lesion (p = 0.0075), which correlates with a delay in macrophage infiltration around the lesion. The specific gravity of the lesion and its border regions was significantly less in x-irradiated animals on day 7 than in controls (p = 0.00062), which correlates with a delay in new vessel formation around the lesion. Administration of corticosteroids from the time of production of the freeze lesion resulted in a specific gravity significantly less than control when measured eight days after the lesion (p = 0.01). Macrophages may participate by inhibiting the development of the macromolecular portion of vasogenic edema. The development of neovascularity correlates with the resorption of the aqueous portion of vasogenic edema. As with x-irradiation, corticosteroids administered from the time of freeze lesion inhibited the resorption of the aqueous portion of vasogenic edema, but they may suppress the spread of edema in this experimental model.
Olson, JJ; Beck, DW; Warner, DS; Coester, H
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