Hemodynamic effects of metalloporphyrin catalytic antioxidants: structure-activity relationships and species specificity.
Superoxide plays a role in blood pressure regulation in certain vascular diseases, however, its involvement in regulating basal blood pressure is uncertain. Vascular superoxide concentrations are limited by extracellular superoxide dismutase (EC-SOD), which is highly expressed in the vasculature of most animal species. Metalloporphyrins are low molecular weight, synthetic, redox-active, catalytic antioxidants that act as SOD mimetics. We evaluated the effects of metalloporphyrins on blood pressure in different animal species. The metalloporphyrin AEOL10113 (5-10 micro /kg iv), but not native or polyethylene glycol-CuZnSOD, caused a dose-dependent reduction in blood pressure in anesthetized rats. AEOL10113 had no effect on blood pressure in mice (wild-type or EC-SOD knockouts), guinea pigs, dogs, or baboons at doses up to 5 mg/kg iv Structure-activity studies indicated that metalloporphyrins with high SOD activity were more effective in lowering rat blood pressure than low-activity analogs. The blood pressure effect of AEOL10113 was not attributable to the release of manganese, nor was it affected by inhibitors of nitric oxide synthase (L-NAME) and guanylate cyclase (ODQ, 8-bromo-cGMP, and methylene blue) or nitric oxide scavengers (HbAo). Chlorpheniramine attenuated the effect, suggesting that the blood pressure response in rats is related to histamine release rather than the protection of nitric oxide.
Ross, AD; Sheng, H; Warner, DS; Piantadosi, CA; Batinic-Haberle, I; Day, BJ; Crapo, JD
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