Anaesthesia and intra-ocular pressure in young children. A study of three different techniques of anaesthesia.

Journal Article (Clinical Trial;Journal Article)

This study compares the effects of three anaesthetic techniques on intra-ocular pressure (IOP) in infants and children: spontaneous ventilation using nitrous oxide with halothane (group 1) or isoflurane (group 2) and controlled ventilation with atracurium (group 3). The IOP remained constant in groups 1 and 2 until the administration of suxamethonium when it rose significantly; this rise was maintained during tracheal intubation. In group 3 IOP increased on administering atracurium and a further increase was seen during tracheal intubation. Diagnostic intra-ocular pressure measurements should be made during spontaneous breathing prior to tracheal intubation. The IOP was not directly affected by arterial blood pressure or by expired CO2 tension.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Dear, GD; Hammerton, M; Hatch, DJ; Taylor, D

Published Date

  • March 1, 1987

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 42 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 259 - 265

PubMed ID

  • 3578724

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0003-2409

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1111/j.1365-2044.1987.tb03036.x


  • eng

Conference Location

  • England