Specific chromosomal abnormalities in malignant human gliomas.
Karyotypic analysis of 54 malignant human gliomas (5 anaplastic astrocytomas, 43 glioblastoma multiformes, 3 gliosarcomas, 2 giant cell glioblastomas, 1 anaplastic mixed glioma) has demonstrated that 12 tumors contained normal stemlines or only lacked one sex chromosome. The 42 tumors with abnormal karyotypes included 38 tumors which could be completely analyzed. Six of these 38 cases had near-triploid or near-tetraploid stemlines and 32 had near-diploid stemlines. Statistically significant numerical deviations in the near-diploid group were gains of chromosome 7 (26 of 32; P less than 0.001), and losses of chromosome 10 (19 of 32; P less than 0.001). Double minutes occurred in 18 of 32 near diploid tumors. The distribution of structural abnormalities was analyzed statistically by comparing the incidence of breakpoint in each chromosomal arm to the expected value based on chromosomal arm length. This analysis demonstrated that structural abnormalities of 9p and 19q were significant statistically (P less than 0.005 and P = 0.02, respectively). Although chromosome 1, 6p, the centromeric region of chromosome 11, 13q, and 15q were also frequently involved in structural abnormalities, the incidence of these breaks did not reach statistical significance. This demonstration of specific chromosomal abnormalities in near-diploid gliomas provides the basis for the investigation of genes which may be quantitatively or qualitatively altered in these neoplasms.
Bigner, SH; Mark, J; Burger, PC; Mahaley, MS; Bullard, DE; Muhlbaier, LH; Bigner, DD
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