Experimental chemotherapy of human medulloblastoma cell lines and transplantable xenografts with bifunctional alkylating agents.
A series of bifunctional alkylators were tested against the genotypically and phenotypically heterogeneous continuous human medulloblastoma cell lines, TE-671, Daoy, and D283 Med in vitro and against TE-671 and Daoy growing as s.c. and intracranial xenografts in athymic mice. Drugs tested included melphalan, cyclophosphamide, iphosphamide, phenylketocyclophosphamide, thiotepa, 1,3-bis(2-chloroethyl)-1-nitrosourea (in vivo), and busulfan (in vivo). Melphalan and phenylketocyclophosphamide were the most active agents in vitro with drug doses at which there is a 90% reduction in the number of colonies in comparison to controls of 2.13, 5.29, and 4.72 microM for melphalan and 4.60, 5.01, and 4.34 microM for phenylketocyclophosphamide against TE-671, D283 Med, and Daoy, respectively. Melphalan, cyclophosphamide, iphosphamide, phenylketocyclophosphamide, and thiotepa produced significant growth delays against s.c. TE-671 and Daoy xenografts, while no activity could be demonstrated for 1,3-bis(2-chloroethyl)-1-nitrosourea or busulfan. Melphalan, cyclophosphamide, iphosphamide, and thiotepa also produced significant increases in median survival in mice bearing intracranial TE-671 and Daoy xenografts. These results extend our previous studies demonstrating the antitumor activity of nitrogen and phosphoramide mustard-based bifunctional alkylating agents in the treatment of human medulloblastoma continuous cell lines and transplantable xenografts, and support the continued use of these agents in clinical trials.
Friedman, HS; Colvin, OM; Skapek, SX; Ludeman, SM; Elion, GB; Schold, SC; Jacobsen, PF; Muhlbaier, LH; Bigner, DD
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