Regulation of the platelet-derived growth factor receptor-beta by G protein-coupled receptor kinase-5 in vascular smooth muscle cells involves the phosphatase Shp2.
Smooth muscle cell (SMC) proliferation and migration are substantially controlled by the platelet-derived growth factor receptor-beta (PDGFRbeta), which can be regulated by the Ser/Thr kinase G protein-coupled receptor kinase-2 (GRK2). In mouse aortic SMCs, however, we found that prolonged PDGFRbeta activation engendered down-regulation of GRK5, but not GRK2; moreover, GRK5 and PDGFRbeta were coordinately up-regulated in SMCs from atherosclerotic arteries. With SMCs from GRK5 knock-out and cognate wild type mice (five of each), we found that physiologic expression of GRK5 increased PDGF-promoted PDGFRbeta seryl phosphorylation by 3-fold and reduced PDGFRbeta-promoted phosphoinositide hydrolysis, thymidine incorporation, and overall PDGFRbeta tyrosyl phosphorylation by approximately 35%. Physiologic SMC GRK5 activity also increased PDGFRbeta association with the phosphatase Shp2 (8-fold), enhanced phosphorylation of PDGFRbeta Tyr(1009) (the docking site for Shp2), and reduced phosphorylation of PDGFRbeta Tyr(1021). Consistent with having increased PDGFRbeta-associated Shp2 activity, GRK5-expressing SMCs demonstrated greater PDGF-induced Src activation than GRK5-null cells. GRK5-mediated desensitization of PDGFRbeta inositol phosphate signaling was diminished by Shp2 knock-down or impairment of PDGFRbeta/Shp2 association. In contrast to GRK5, physiologic GRK2 activity did not alter PDGFRbeta/Shp2 association. Finally, purified GRK5 effected agonist-dependent seryl phosphorylation of partially purified PDGFRbetas. We conclude that GRK5 mediates the preponderance of PDGF-promoted seryl phosphorylation of the PDGFRbeta in SMCs, and, through mechanisms involving Shp2, desensitizes PDGFRbeta inositol phosphate signaling and enhances PDGFRbeta-triggered Src activation.
Wu, J-H; Goswami, R; Cai, X; Exum, ST; Huang, X; Zhang, L; Brian, L; Premont, RT; Peppel, K; Freedman, NJ
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