Optical-CT gel-dosimetry. II: Optical artifacts and geometrical distortion.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

There is a clear need for technology that enables accurate, high-resolution, three-dimensional (3D) measurement of intricate dose distributions associated with modern radiation treatments. A potential candidate has emerged in the form of water-equivalent "3D gel dosimetry" utilizing optical-computed-tomography (optical-CT). In a previous paper we presented basic physical characterization of an in-house prototype optical-CT scanning system. The present paper builds on that work by investigating sources of optical artifacts and geometric distortion in optical-CT scanning. Improvements in scanner design are described. Correction strategies were developed to compensate for reflection and refraction, imperfections in the water-bath, signal drift, and other effects. Refraction and reflection were identified as the principal factors causing inaccurate reconstruction of absolute attenuation coefficients. A correction specific to a given flask was developed utilizing prescans of the flask when filled with water-bath fluid, thereby isolating the refractive and reflective components for that flask. Residual artifacts were corrected by fitting a theoretical model to the well-behaved portion of these prescans and extrapolating to regions of lost data, enabling reconstruction of absolute optical-CT attenuation coefficients to within 4% of corresponding spectrophotometer values. Needle phantoms are introduced to quantify geometric distortion under a range of conditions. Radial distortion of reconstructed needle positions was reduced to < 0.3 mm (0.27% of the field of view) through adjustment of the water-bath refractive index. Geometric distortion in polymer gel due to radiation-induced refractive index changes was found to be negligible under the conditions examined. The influence of scattered light on reconstructed attenuation coefficients was investigated by repeat optical-CT scans while varying the aperture of a scatter-rejecting collimator. Significant depression of reconstructed attenuation coefficients was observed, particularly under conditions of poor scatter rejection collimation. The general conclusion is that the first-generation optical-CT technique can be made insensitive to geometrical distortion, but can be susceptible to scatter effects. For accurate reconstruction of absolute attenuation coefficients, correction strategies are essential.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Oldham, M; Kim, L

Published Date

  • May 2004

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 31 / 5

Start / End Page

  • 1093 - 1104

PubMed ID

  • 15191297

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC1592131

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0094-2405

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1118/1.1655710


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States