Improving calibration accuracy in gel dosimetry.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

A new method of calibrating gel dosimeters (applicable to both Fricke and polyacrylamide gels) is presented which has intrinsically higher accuracy than current methods, and requires less gel. Two test-tubes of gel (inner diameter 2.5 cm, length 20 cm) are irradiated separately with a 10 x 10 cm2 field end-on in a water bath, such that the characteristic depth-dose curve is recorded in the gel. The calibration is then determined by fitting the depth-dose measured in water, against the measured change in relaxivity with depth in the gel. Increased accuracy is achieved in this simple depth-dose geometry by averaging the relaxivity at each depth. A large number of calibration data points, each with relatively high accuracy, are obtained. Calibration data over the full range of dose (1.6-10 Gy) is obtained by irradiating one test-tube to 10 Gy at dose maximum (Dmax), and the other to 4.5 Gy at Dmax. The new calibration method is compared with a 'standard method' where five identical test-tubes of gel were irradiated to different known doses between 2 and 10 Gy. The percentage uncertainties in the slope and intercept of the calibration fit are found to be lower with the new method by a factor of about 4 and 10 respectively, when compared with the standard method and with published values. The gel was found to respond linearly within the error bars up to doses of 7 Gy, with a slope of 0.233 +/- 0.001 s(-1) Gy(-1) and an intercept of 1.106 +/- 0.005 Gy. For higher doses, nonlinear behaviour was observed.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Oldham, M; McJury, M; Baustert, IB; Webb, S; Leach, MO

Published Date

  • October 1998

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 43 / 10

Start / End Page

  • 2709 - 2720

PubMed ID

  • 9814511

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0031-9155

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1088/0031-9155/43/10/002


  • eng

Conference Location

  • England