Alteration of aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase activities by phosphorylation with casein kinase I.
The phosphorylation of a highly purified aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase complex from rabbit reticulocytes by the cyclic nucleotide-independent protein kinase, casein kinase I, has been examined, and the effects of phosphorylation on the synthetase activities were determined. The synthetase complex, purified as described (Kellermann, O., Tonetti, H., Brevet, A., Mirande, M., Pailliez, J.-P., and Waller, J.-P. (1982) J. Biol. Chem. 257, 11041-11048), contains seven aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases and four unidentified proteins and is free of endogenous protein kinase activity. Incubation of the complex with casein kinase I in the presence of ATP results in the phosphorylation of four synthetases, namely, glutamyl-, isoleucyl-, methionyl-, and lysyl-tRNA synthetases. Phosphorylation by casein kinase I alters binding of the aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase complex to tRNA-Sepharose. The phosphorylated synthetase complex elutes from tRNA-Sepharose at 190 mM NaCl, while the nonphosphorylated complex elutes at 275 mM NaCl. Phosphorylation by casein kinase I results in a significant inhibition of aminoacylation by the glutamyl-, isoleucyl-, methionyl-, and lysyl-tRNA synthetases; the activities of the nonphosphorylated synthetases remain unchanged. These data indicate that phosphorylation of aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases in the high molecular weight complex alters the activities of these enzymes. One of the unidentified proteins present in the complex (Mr 37,000) is also highly phosphorylated by casein kinase I. From a comparison of the properties and phosphopeptide pattern of this protein with that of casein kinase I, it appears that the Mr 37,000 protein in the synthetase complex is an inactive form of casein kinase I. This observation provides further evidence for a physiological role for casein kinase I in regulating synthetase activities.
Pendergast, AM; Traugh, JA
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