Regulation of hydrogen peroxide generation in cultured endothelial cells.


Journal Article

Endogenous hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) release from aortic endothelial cells was studied in the presence of antioxidant enzyme inhibitors, mitochondrial inhibitors, a microsomal cytochrome P-450 inhibitor, and after oxidative stress induced with H2O2 or menadione. Extracellular H2O2 generation was determined spectrofluorometrically using 3-methoxy-4-hydroxy phenylacetic acid, and intracellular H2O2 production (in or near peroxisomes) was measured indirectly using aminotriazole, which inactivates catalase in the presence of H2O2. Extracellular H2O2 release was 0.079 +/- 0.005 nmol/min/mg protein in Hanks' balanced salt solution, was constant during a 120-min incubation period, and was not affected by the cell passage number. The half-life for catalase inactivation with aminotriazole was 23 min. Inhibition of catalase, glutathione reductase, or gamma-glutamylcysteine synthetase did not change the rate of extracellular release of H2O2. Furthermore, inhibition of the mitochondrial respiratory chain (rotenone, antimycin A) or microsomal cytochrome P-450 (8-methoxypsoralen) did not change extracellular H2O2 release or intracellular H2O2 production (at peroxisomes) by endothelial cells or cells in which glutathione reductase was inactivated. When the cells were exposed to exogenous H2O2 (30 microM), extracellular H2O2 was scavenged primarily by the glutathione redox pathway. Exogenously added H2O2 (100 microM) changed intracellular H2O2 production (in or near peroxisomes) only when the glutathione redox cycle was inactivated. Menadione (20 microM), which undergoes intracellular redox cycling, increased extracellular H2O2 release almost 4-fold to 0.3 nmol/min/mg protein. Furthermore, menadione increased peroxisomal H2O2 levels and decreased the half-life for catalase inactivation in the presence of aminotriazole to 13 min. Catalase inhibition increased extracellular H2O2 release during menadione treatment, indicating that H2O2 can diffuse across the plasma membrane during oxidant stress.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Kinnula, VL; Whorton, AR; Chang, LY; Crapo, JD

Published Date

  • February 1, 1992

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 6 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 175 - 182

PubMed ID

  • 1540380

Pubmed Central ID

  • 1540380

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1535-4989

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1044-1549

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1165/ajrcmb/6.2.175


  • eng