Requirement for reactive oxygen species in serum-induced and platelet-derived growth factor-induced growth of airway smooth muscle.
Reactive oxygen species have been recently identified as important mediators of mitogenic signaling in a number of cell types. We therefore explored their role in mediating mitogenesis of airway smooth muscle. The antioxidants catalase, N-acetylcysteine, and probucol significantly reduced proliferation in primary cultures of rat tracheal smooth muscle stimulated with fetal bovine serum or platelet-derived growth factor, without affecting cell viability or inducing apoptosis. N-Acetylcysteine also significantly reduced serum-stimulated elevation of c-Fos but did not prevent the normal mitogen-induced increase in c-fos mRNA. Fractionation of ribosomes by sucrose density centrifugation and subsequent dot-blot Northern analysis revealed that antioxidants reduced incorporation of c-fos mRNA into the heaviest polyribosomes, suggesting redox regulation of c-fos mRNA translation. Serum treatment of monolayers produced a small but reproducibly significant rise in superoxide dismutase-inhibitable reduction of ferricytochrome c by myocyte monolayers. Serum-induced ferricytochrome c reduction, cellular proliferation, and c-Fos elevation were decreased by the flavoprotein-dependent enzyme inhibitor dipheyleneiodonium. Growth responses to fetal bovine serum and superoxide dismutase-inhibitable reduction of ferricytochrome c were not different between cultured tracheal myocytes from wild-type versus gp91 phagocyte oxidase null mice. These results suggest that mitogen stimulation of airway smooth muscle induces signal transduction of cell proliferation that is in part dependent on generation of partially reduced oxygen species, generated by an NADH or NADPH oxidoreductase that is different from the oxidase in phagocytic cells.
Brar, SS; Kennedy, TP; Whorton, AR; Murphy, TM; Chitano, P; Hoidal, JR
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