Regulation of Ca(2+)-dependent nitric oxide synthase in bovine aortic endothelial cells.


Journal Article

Vascular endothelium responds to Ca(2+)-mobilizing agonists by producing nitric oxide (NO), a potent vasodilator and inhibitor of platelet aggregation. Regulation of constitutively expressed endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) in intact cells is not well understood. We investigated the kinetics of NO formation in response to Ca(2+)-mobilizing agonists, the requirement for extracellular L-arginine, and the role of NO in regulating eNOS activity. When endothelial cells were stimulated with bradykinin and ATP in the presence of 100 microM L-arginine, we observed a rapid and transient rise in intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) from 50 +/- 8 nM to 698 +/- 74 and 637 +/- 53 nM, respectively, and a rapid and transient rise in NO production from a basal level of 37 protein-1 to 256 and 275 protein-1, respectively. When cells were stimulated with A-23187 or thapsigargin in the presence of 100 microM L-arginine, we observed a sustained increase in [Ca2+]i and a sustained increase in NO production. The rate of NO synthesis was linear over 30 min, rising above control levels of 7 pmol/min to 53 pmol/min for A-23187 and 62 pmol/min for thapsigargin. Thapsigargin stimulated NO production and [Ca2+]i with 50% effective concentration values of 0.01 and 0.05 microM, respectively. Ca(2+)-stimulated NO production was attenuated by the NO synthase inhibitor NG-monomethyl-L-arginine, the removal of extracellular L-arginine, and the Ca(2+)-chelator ethylene glycol-bis(beta-aminoethyl ether)-N,N,N',N'-tetraacetic acid. When we exposed cells to NO gas (3.1 mM for 15 min) and S-nitrosoglutathione (10 mM for 1 h) thapsigargin-stimulated NO production was decreased by 50%.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Buckley, BJ; Mirza, Z; Whorton, AR

Published Date

  • September 1995

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 269 / 3 Pt 1

Start / End Page

  • C757 - C765

PubMed ID

  • 7573407

Pubmed Central ID

  • 7573407

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2163-5773

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0002-9513

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1152/ajpcell.1995.269.3.c757


  • eng