Effects of inhibition and induction of cytochrome P-450 isozymes on hyperoxic lung injury in rats.
Pulmonary oxygen toxicity most likely results from excessive production of reactive oxygen species. The role of the cytochromes P-450 in this process is controversial because these enzymes have been reported both to enhance hyperoxic lung injury and to protect from the damaging effects of 100% oxygen. We sought to further determine the role of the cytochromes P-450 in hyperoxic lung injury by inhibiting and inducing pulmonary cytochrome P-450 isozymes in rats. Treatment with the cytochrome P-450 inhibitor cimetidine or 8-methoxypsoralen did not improve survival or reduce lung edema in rats exposed to 100% oxygen. The activity of cytochrome P-450IIB1, the major pulmonary cytochrome P-450 isozyme in rats, was clearly inhibited by 8-methoxypsoralen. beta-Naphthoflavone (beta NF), a selective inducer of cytochrome P-450IA1, was administered in two-dose and five-dose regimens. The two-dose regimen produced significant and sustained induction of cytochrome P-450IA1 activity, but survival in these rats was not improved when exposed to 100% oxygen. In rats treated with five doses of beta NF, a small increase in survival time was found from 71.1 +/- 8.7 to 88.0 +/- 20.2 h; however, there was no difference in the induction of cytochrome P-450IA1 activity between this five-dose regimen and the two-dose regimen. The small improvement in survival after five doses of beta NF is thus unrelated to cytochrome P-450IA1 induction. We conclude that neither inhibition of cytochrome P-450IIB1 activity nor induction of cytochrome P-450IA1 activity protects adult rats against hyperoxic lung injury.
Todd, NW; Hunt, CM; Kennedy, TP; Piantadosi, CA; Whorton, AR
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