Regulation of arachidonic acid release in vascular endothelium. Ca(2+)-dependent and -independent pathways.
Ca2+ metabolism and its relationship to arachidonic acid release were studied in cultured pig aortic endothelial cells. When cells were treated with bradykinin, a rapid rise in intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) occurred. Arachidonic acid release from cells prelabelled with [3H]arachidonic acid and subjected to flow-through conditions closely followed the changes in [Ca2+]i. Attenuation of the Ca2+ response by chelating extracellular and intracellular Ca2+ or by desensitization of receptors led to comparable attenuation of arachidonate release. Activation of protein kinase C inhibited Ca2+ mobilization in response to bradykinin and stimulated arachidonic acid release. Inhibition of protein kinase C had no effect on bradykinin-stimulated arachidonic acid release, suggesting that protein kinase C does not mediate the bradykinin response. The role of GTP-binding regulatory proteins (G-proteins) in mediating the bradykinin response was also investigated. Bradykinin-stimulated arachidonic acid release was not diminished by preincubation with pertussis toxin. Treatment with the G-protein activator AlF4- resulted in the release of a large pool of arachidonic acid and the formation of lysophospholipids. Combined treatment with AlF4- and bradykinin resulted in a greater than additive effect on arachidonic acid release. In contrast with bradykinin, AlF(4-)-stimulated arachidonic acid release was not dependent on the presence of extracellular Ca2+ or the mobilization of intracellular Ca2+. These results demonstrate Ca(2+)-dependent (bradykinin) and Ca(2+)-independent (AlF4-) pathways of phospholipase A2 activation.
Buckley, BJ; Barchowsky, A; Dolor, RJ; Whorton, AR
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