Regulation of arachidonic acid release in vascular endothelium. Ca(2+)-dependent and -independent pathways.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Ca2+ metabolism and its relationship to arachidonic acid release were studied in cultured pig aortic endothelial cells. When cells were treated with bradykinin, a rapid rise in intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) occurred. Arachidonic acid release from cells prelabelled with [3H]arachidonic acid and subjected to flow-through conditions closely followed the changes in [Ca2+]i. Attenuation of the Ca2+ response by chelating extracellular and intracellular Ca2+ or by desensitization of receptors led to comparable attenuation of arachidonate release. Activation of protein kinase C inhibited Ca2+ mobilization in response to bradykinin and stimulated arachidonic acid release. Inhibition of protein kinase C had no effect on bradykinin-stimulated arachidonic acid release, suggesting that protein kinase C does not mediate the bradykinin response. The role of GTP-binding regulatory proteins (G-proteins) in mediating the bradykinin response was also investigated. Bradykinin-stimulated arachidonic acid release was not diminished by preincubation with pertussis toxin. Treatment with the G-protein activator AlF4- resulted in the release of a large pool of arachidonic acid and the formation of lysophospholipids. Combined treatment with AlF4- and bradykinin resulted in a greater than additive effect on arachidonic acid release. In contrast with bradykinin, AlF(4-)-stimulated arachidonic acid release was not dependent on the presence of extracellular Ca2+ or the mobilization of intracellular Ca2+. These results demonstrate Ca(2+)-dependent (bradykinin) and Ca(2+)-independent (AlF4-) pathways of phospholipase A2 activation.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Buckley, BJ; Barchowsky, A; Dolor, RJ; Whorton, AR

Published Date

  • December 1, 1991

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 280 ( Pt 2) / Pt 2

Start / End Page

  • 281 - 287

PubMed ID

  • 1747101

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC1130543

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0264-6021

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1042/bj2800281


  • eng

Conference Location

  • England