Regulation of endothelial cell prostaglandin synthesis by glutathione.
Prostaglandin synthesis in in vitro systems is dependent on glutathione and peroxide concentrations. We tested the effects of glutathione depletion and H2O2 exposure on prostaglandin synthesis in cultured porcine aortic endothelial cells. Depletion of glutathione using buthionine sulfoximine (BSO), diethylmaleate, and 2,4-chlorodinitrobenzene increased prostaglandin synthetic capacity. Production of prostacyclin, but not prostaglandin E2, from exogenous arachidonic acid was significantly greater than in controls. Glutathione depletion also resulted in enhanced production of prostacyclin from exogenous prostaglandin H2. These responses were not due to direct effects of glutathione-depleting agents on prostaglandin synthetic enzymes. Exposure to H2O2 also altered prostaglandin synthetic capacity in endothelial cells. While 5 microM H2O2 stimulated prostaglandin production from exogenous arachidonate, 25 and 50 microM were found to be inhibitory. Prostaglandin synthetic capacity was greater in BSO-treated cells which were exposed to 5 and 10 microM H2O2 than in cells exposed to H2O2 alone. However, prostaglandin synthetic capacity was greatly reduced in BSO-treated cells exposed to 50 microM H2O2. Thus, normal levels of cellular glutathione exert an inhibitory influence on prostaglandin synthesis. However, glutathione depletion increases the sensitivity of prostaglandin synthesis to inhibition by 50 microM H2O2.
Buckley, BJ; Kent, RS; Whorton, AR
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