ZD6474, a novel tyrosine kinase inhibitor of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor and epidermal growth factor receptor, inhibits tumor growth of multiple nervous system tumors.
PURPOSE: Primary central nervous system (CNS) tumors represent a diverse group of tumor types with heterogeneous molecular mechanisms that underlie their formation and maintenance. CNS tumors depend on angiogenesis and often display increased activity of ErbB-associated pathways. Current nonspecific therapies frequently have poor efficacy in many of these tumor types, so there is a pressing need for the development of novel targeted therapies. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: ZD6474 is a novel, orally available low molecular weight inhibitor of the kinase activities associated with vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 and epidermal growth factor receptor. We hypothesized that ZD6474 may provide benefit in the treatment of several CNS tumor types. RESULTS: In mice bearing established s.c. tumor xenografts of CNS tumors (malignant glioma and ependymoma) or rhabdomyosarcoma, a limited course of ZD6474 treatment produced significant tumor growth delays and a high rate of partial tumor regression in most models examined. Mice with i.c. malignant glioma xenografts treated with ZD6474 experienced a significant prolongation of survival. Tumors from mice treated with ZD6474 displayed a lower proliferative index and disrupted tumor vascularity. Notably, some of these models are insensitive to low molecular weight kinase inhibitors targeting only vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 or epidermal growth factor receptor functions, suggesting that the combined disruption of both epidermal growth factor receptor and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 activities may significantly increase tumor control. CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, ZD6474 shows significant activity against xenograft models of several primary human CNS tumor types. Consideration for clinical development in this disease setting seems warranted.
Rich, JN; Sathornsumetee, S; Keir, ST; Kieran, MW; Laforme, A; Kaipainen, A; McLendon, RE; Graner, MW; Rasheed, BKA; Wang, L; Reardon, DA; Ryan, AJ; Wheeler, C; Dimery, I; Bigner, DD; Friedman, HS
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