Radioimmunotherapy of neoplastic meningitis in rats using an alpha-particle-emitting immunoconjugate.
Because of their short range and high linear energy transfer, alpha-particles may be particularly effective in the treatment of neoplastic meningitis. Monoclonal antibody 81C6 was labeled with alpha-particle-emitting 211At using N-succinimidyl3-[211At]astatobenzoate, and the efficacy and toxicity of this immunoconjugate were evaluated in an athymic rat model. Animals were given injections via a chronic indwelling catheter with 5 x 10(5) TE-671 human rhabdomyosarcoma cells and treated 8 days later with single intrathecal doses of either saline or 4-18 microCi of 211At-labeled specific 81C6 antibody or isotype-matched control 211At-labeled 45.6 antibody. In the first experiment, 4, 7, and 13 microCi 211At-labeled 81C6 produced statistically significant (P = 0.004-0.02) increases in median survival of 33, 29, and 51%, respectively, as compared with saline. Two of 10 animals receiving the 13-microCi dose lived for 6 months before being killed for histological analysis. In the second experiment, 12 microCi of 211At-labeled 45.6 did not increase median survival significantly relative to saline control, while 12 microCi of 211At-labeled 81C6 increased median survival by 113% (P < 0.005) and resulted in 33% apparent cures. Five of 10 animals receiving 18 microCi of 211At-labeled 81C6 survived until they were killed at 295 days. An additional study was performed in animals given intrathecal injections of 5 x 10(6) TE-671 cells and given a single dose of 18 microCi of 211At-labeled 81C6 or 211At-labeled 45.6. At this higher cell number, significantly prolonged survival was still seen for specific antibody as compared with saline (P < 0.001) and control antibody (P < 0.05). These results suggest that treatment with 211At-labeled monoclonal antibodies may be a valuable approach for neoplastic meningitis.
Zalutsky, MR; McLendon, RE; Garg, PK; Archer, GE; Schuster, JM; Bigner, DD
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