Radiotoxicity of systematically administered [211At]astatide in B6C3F1 and BALB/c (nu/nu) mice: a long-term survival study with histologic analysis.
PURPOSE: The present study undertook to establish the dose (LD) of systematically administered (via tail vein) sodium [211At]astatide that would kill 10% (LD10) of exposed animals in two mouse models and to evaluate the resulting histologic lesions. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Three dose escalation experiments were carried out using groups of 10 3- to 4-week-old, 20 +/- 2 g B6C3F1 mice, and one dose escalation experiment was carried out with groups of 10 4- to 6-week-old, 22 +/- 2 g BALB/c (nu/nu) mice. All animals were weighed daily and checked twice daily for general health; autopsies were performed within 12 h of death. RESULTS: The LD10 (95% confidence interval) level of free [211At]astatide at 360 days was 15.1 microCi (5.2-19.1 microCi) in B6C3F1 mice and was associated with a 37.8% weight difference from saline controls (p < 0.001). In the BALB/c (nu/nu) mice, the LD10 at 360 days was 7.7 microCi (0-14.2 microCi), while a dose of 10 microCi (0.42 microCi g(-1)) was associated with a 9.44% weight difference vs. saline controls (p < 0.05). Exclusive of the well-known effects on thyroid, [211At]astatide activity levels were associated with severe bone marrow depression, testicular atrophy, focal alopecia, and nuclear atypia of the epidermoid mucosa of the fore-stomach in the B6C3F1 mice; at activity levels approximating LD10 at 360 days, mild changes in the heart, liver, stomach, and spleen were observed. For BALB/c (nu/nu) mice, administration of 10 microCi was associated at autopsy with mild histologic lesions in the heart, stomach, liver, and spleen. CONCLUSIONS: These studies provide a basis for the design of further investigations of [211At]-labeled compounds as therapeutic agents.
McLendon, RE; Archer, GE; Garg, PK; Bigner, DD; Zalutsky, MR
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