Ependymomas: MIB-1 proliferation index and survival.
The biologic behavior of ependymomas is highly variable, and its correlation with histologic features is at best imprecise. This retrospective study attempted to correlate the malignant histologic characteristics of ependymomas with MIB-1 proliferation index and survival. Biopsy and resection specimens taken from 34 patients who received treatment 1972 to 1996 were histologically examined. The patients' ages range was 1 to 59 years. The histologic specimens were assessed for anaplastic features (necrosis, mitosis, vascular proliferation, cellular pleomorphism, and overlapping of nuclei) and an MIB-1 (Ki-67 antigen) proliferation index was also determined. The overall median MIB-1 proliferation index was 7.8% (range 0.1 - 62.5%). An MIB-1 of 20% was significant for a decrease in survival (RR = 5.7) (p = 0.0013). The median MIB-1 for patients < 20 years old was 20.6% with range (0.1, 43%), while that for patients > 20 years was 5.1% (range 0.2, 9.4%) (KW p = 0.055). Three of 5 histological features evaluated were significantly associated with outcome: > 5 mitotic figures per high-power field, necrosis, and vascular proliferation, but not nuclear overlap or pleomorphism. All pathologic factors except pleomorphism were significantly related to the MIB-1 proliferation index. In brief, our data support the association of poor prognoses in ependymomas with young age, the presence of three to four anaplastic histologic features, and an MIB-1 proliferation index > 20%.
Ritter, AM; Hess, KR; McLendon, RE; Langford, LA
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