A clinical comparison of mitral valve repair versus valve replacement in ischemic mitral regurgitation.
Severe mitral regurgitation caused by acute myocardial infarction has been a particularly difficult management problem with disappointing clinical results. Over a 75-month period, ending March 31, 1987, 611 patients underwent mitral valve operations at Duke University Medical Center. Within this group, 55 patients had clearly defined ischemic mitral regurgitation, and 37 of these required emergency operations. Thirty-one of the 55 patients had isolated posterior papillary muscle dysfunction, nine had papillary muscle rupture, and 15 had severe ventricular dysfunction and generalized annular dilatation. Thirty-two patients were treated with primary mitral valve replacement, and 23 had mitral valve repair. In 18, repair was accomplished by a transventricular approach, combining the techniques of commissural annuloplasty, papillary muscle shortening or reimplantation, and infarct exclusion. Transventricular mitral valve repair proved to be safe, expeditious, and effective in restoring valve competence. Although the repair and replacement groups were similar with respect to all relevant baseline characteristics, improved operative survival was observed after valve repair, as compared to replacement, both for the overall group (p = 0.03) and for acute papillary muscle dysfunction (p = 0.05). These data suggest that a policy of predominant mitral valve repair, when appropriately applied in patients with ischemic mitral regurgitation, offers the potential for improving therapeutic results.
Rankin, JS; Feneley, MP; Hickey, MS; Muhlbaier, LH; Wechsler, AS; Floyd, RD; Reves, JG; Skelton, TN; Califf, RM; Lowe, JE
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