"Left main equivalent" coronary artery disease: its clinical presentation and prognostic significance with nonsurgical therapy.
The clinical characteristics and nonsurgical prognosis of 55 patients with "left main (LM) equivalent" coronary artery disease (CAD) were evaluated and defined as: (1) greater than or equal to 75% diameter reduction of the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) before the takeoff of any large septal perforator or anterolateral (diagonal) branches; (2) greater than or equal to 75% diameter reduction of the left circumflex artery (LC) before the takeoff of any large marginal branch; and (3) absence of greater than or equal to 50% stenosis of the LM coronary artery. Compared with nonsurgically treated patients with greater than or equal to 75% stenosis of the LM artery, patients with LM equivalent CAD had a shorter duration of symptoms (median of 51 months vs 66 months) and more often had a Q wave on the electrocardiogram (60 vs 39%). Survival in patients with LM equivalent CAD (78% at 1 year and 55% at 5 years) was better than that in patients with LM disease with nonsurgical therapy (65% at 1 year and 40% at 5 years) (p = 0.02), although the rate of freedom from cardiovascular events was not significantly different. Compared with other nonsurgically treated patients with 2- or 3-vessel CAD involving the LAD and LC (28 and 42%, respectively, with progressive angina), patients with LM equivalent CAD had more severe anginal symptoms (55% with progressive angina) and a longer duration of symptoms (medians of 20 months in 2-vessel CAD, 36 months in 3-vessel CAD and 51 months in LM equivalent CAD).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Califf, RM; Conley, MJ; Behar, VS; Harrell, FE; Lee, KL; Pryor, DB; McKinnis, RA; Rosati, RA
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