Prognostic indicators from radionuclide angiography in medically treated patients with coronary artery disease.
The purpose of this investigation was to determine which variables obtained when performing radionuclide angiography predict subsequent survival or total events (cardiovascular death or nonfatal myocardial infarction) in stable patients with symptomatic coronary artery disease (CAD). Univariable and multivariable analyses of 6 variables, including ejection fraction (EF) at rest and exercise, change in EF with exercise, development of ischemic chest pain or electrocardiographic changes, left ventricular (LV) wall motion abnormalities and exercise time were examined in 386 patients followed up to 4.5 years. Univariate analyses revealed that the exercise EF was the variable most closely associated with future events (p less than 0.01), followed by EF at rest, wall motion abnormalities and exercise time. Multivariable analyses revealed that once the exercise EF was known, no other radionuclide variables contributed independent information about the likelihood of future events. Multivariable analyses also revealed that the exercise EF describes much of the prognostic information of coronary anatomy. Our findings suggest that the radionuclide angiogram is useful in predicting future events in patients with stable CAD, although examination in conjunction with other clinical descriptors will be necessary to further quantify this contribution.
Pryor, DB; Harrell, FE; Lee, KL; Rosati, RA; Coleman, RE; Cobb, FR; Califf, RM; Jones, RH
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