Relation of temporal creatine kinase-MB release and outcome after thrombolytic therapy for acute myocardial infarction. TAMI Study Group.
Measuring biochemical marker release after acute myocardial infarction helps in estimating infarct size and prognosis. We sought to relate in-hospital outcomes and curve-fitted creatine kinase (CK)-MB variables after thrombolysis. We measured CK-MB mass initially and at 30 and 90 minutes, and at 3, 8, and 20 hours after thrombolysis in 130 patients also undergoing cardiac catheterization at 90 minutes and at 5 to 7 days. Data were fitted, and maximums and curve areas calculated. CK-MB maximums related to infarct location (p = 0.014) and time to therapy (p = 0.002); curve area did not. Neither maximums nor curve area related to Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction trial flow grade at 90 minutes. Maximums related to ejection fraction at 90 minutes (p = 0.0004) and at 5 to 7 days (p = 0.0014), as did curve area (p = 0.0076 and 0.030, respectively). Maximums related to infarct zone function at 90 minutes (p = 0.024) and at 5 to 7 days (p = 0.042); curve area related only at 90 minutes (p = 0.027). Both maximums and curve area predicted congestive heart failure (p = 0.008 and p = 0.042, respectively) and a composite of congestive heart failure or death (p = 0.004 and p = 0.047, respectively); however, after adjusting for maximums, curve area no longer predicted congestive heart failure (p = 0.92). Maximums predicted the composite outcome after adjustment for curve area, and showed a trend toward predicting congestive heart failure (p = 0.089). We conclude that CK-MB maximums relate to infarct zone function, left ventricular function, and in-hospital outcomes after thrombolysis for acute myocardial infarction.
Christenson, RH; Vollmer, RT; Ohman, EM; Peck, S; Thompson, TD; Duh, SH; Ellis, SG; Newby, LK; Topol, EJ; Califf, RM
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