Prognostic value of ventricular arrhythmias associated with treadmill exercise testing in patients studied with cardiac catheterization for suspected ischemic heart disease.
The prognostic information provided by ventricular arrhythmias associated with treadmill exercise testing was evaluated in 1,293 consecutive nonsurgically treated patients undergoing an exercise test within 6 weeks of cardiac catheterization. The 236 patients with simple ventricular arrhythmias (at least one premature ventricular complex, but without paired complexes or ventricular tachycardia) had a higher prevalence of significant coronary artery disease (57 versus 44%), three vessel disease (31 versus 17%) and abnormal left ventricular function (43 versus 24%) than did patients without ventricular arrhythmias. Patients with paired complexes or ventricular tachycardia had an even higher prevalence of significant coronary artery disease (75%), three vessel disease (39%) and abnormal left ventricular function (54%). In the 620 patients with significant coronary artery disease, patients with paired complexes or ventricular tachycardia had a lower 3 year survival rate (75%) than did patients with simple ventricular arrhythmias (83%) and patients with no ventricular arrhythmias (90%). Ventricular arrhythmias were found to add independent prognostic information to the noninvasive evaluation, including history, physical examination, chest roentgenogram, electrocardiogram and other exercise test variables (p = 0.03). Ventricular arrhythmias made no independent contribution once the cardiac catheterization data were known. In patients without significant coronary artery disease, no relation between ventricular arrhythmias and survival was found.
Califf, RM; McKinnis, RA; McNeer, JF; Harrell, FE; Lee, KL; Pryor, DB; Waugh, RA; Harris, PJ; Rosati, RA; Wagner, GS
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