Relation between estrogen replacement therapy and restenosis after percutaneous coronary interventions.
OBJECTIVES: We attempted to determine the relation between estrogen replacement therapy and the rate of restenosis after coronary angioplasty and atherectomy. BACKGROUND: Although estrogen replacement therapy in women has been associated with a reduction in cardiovascular events and improvement in endothelial function, no study has examined whether estrogen reduces restenosis rates after percutaneous coronary interventions. METHODS: A total of 204 women enrolled in the Coronary Angioplasty Versus Excisional Atherectomy Trial with angiographic follow-up were contacted, and their menopausal and estrogen replacement status was determined. Late loss in minimal lumen diameter, late loss index, minimal lumen diameter, rate of restenosis > 50% and actual percent of stenosis were compared in estrogen users and nonusers by quantitative coronary angiography at 6-month follow-up. RESULTS: Late loss in minimal lumen diameter was significantly less in women using estrogen than in nonusers (-0.13 vs. -0.46 mm, p = 0.01). A regression analysis of the determinants of late loss in minimal lumen diameter revealed that estrogen use was the single most important predictor of subsequent late loss (F = 13.38, p = 0.0006). Formal testing revealed a highly significant interaction between the use of estrogen and intervention (angioplasty or atherectomy). Women undergoing atherectomy who received estrogen had a significantly lower late loss index (0.06 vs. -0.63, p = 0.002), less late loss (0.06 vs. -0.61 mm, p = 0.0006), larger minimal lumen diameter (p = 0.044) and lower restenosis rates (p = 0.038 for > 50% stenosis) than those not using estrogen. In contrast, estrogen had minimal effects on restenosis end points after angioplasty. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates the potential for estrogen replacement therapy to reduce angiographic measures of restenosis in postmenopausal women after coronary intervention, particularly in those undergoing atherectomy.
O'Brien, JE; Peterson, ED; Keeler, GP; Berdan, LG; Ohman, EM; Faxon, DP; Jacobs, AK; Topol, EJ; Califf, RM
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