Preoperative parenteral parecoxib and follow-up oral valdecoxib reduce length of stay and improve quality of patient recovery after laparoscopic cholecystectomy surgery.
UNLABELLED:In this randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled study, we evaluated the effects of preoperative IV parecoxib sodium (parecoxib) followed by postoperative oral valdecoxib on length of stay, resource utilization, opioid-related side effects, and patient recovery after elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Patients were randomized to receive a single IV dose of parecoxib 40 mg (n = 134) or placebo (n = 129) 30-45 min before the induction of anesthesia. Six to 12 h after the IV dose, the parecoxib group received a single oral dose of valdecoxib 40 mg, followed by valdecoxib 40 mg once daily on postoperative Days 1-4 and then 40 mg once daily as needed on Days 5-7. Patients in the parecoxib/valdecoxib group had a shorter length of stay in the postanesthesia care unit (78 +/- 47 min) compared with those taking placebo (90 +/- 49 min; P < 0.05). Patients in the parecoxib/valdecoxib group also had reduced pain intensity and, after discharge, experienced a significant reduction in vomiting in the first 24 h, slept better, returned to normal activity earlier, and expressed greater satisfaction than placebo patients (P < 0.05). Preoperative parecoxib followed by postoperative valdecoxib is a valuable adjunct for treating pain and improving patient outcome after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. IMPLICATIONS:The administration of preoperative IV parecoxib followed by oral valdecoxib after surgery resulted in a shorter length of stay in the postoperative anesthesia care unit, a better quality of postoperative recovery, and a faster return to normal activity, with greater patient satisfaction, after laparoscopic cholecystectomy.
Gan, TJ; Joshi, GP; Viscusi, E; Cheung, RY; Dodge, W; Fort, JG; Chen, C
Volume / Issue
Start / End Page
Pubmed Central ID
Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)