Goal-directed intraoperative fluid administration reduces length of hospital stay after major surgery.
BACKGROUND: Intraoperative hypovolemia is common and is a potential cause of organ dysfunction, increased postoperative morbidity, length of hospital stay, and death. The objective of this prospective, randomized study was to assess the effect of goal-directed intraoperative fluid administration on length of postoperative hospital stay. METHODS: One hundred patients who were to undergo major elective surgery with an anticipated blood loss greater than 500 ml were randomly assigned to a control group (n = 50) that received standard intraoperative care or to a protocol group (n = 50) that, in addition, received intraoperative plasma volume expansion guided by the esophageal Doppler monitor to maintain maximal stroke volume. Length of postoperative hospital stay and postoperative surgical morbidity were assessed. RESULTS: Groups were similar with respect to demographics, surgical procedures, and baseline hemodynamic variables. The protocol group had a significantly higher stroke volume and cardiac output at the end of surgery compared with the control group. Patients in the protocol group had a shorter duration of hospital stay compared with the control group: 5 +/- 3 versus 7 +/- 3 days (mean +/- SD), with a median of 6 versus 7 days, respectively ( = 0.03). These patients also tolerated oral intake of solid food earlier than the control group: 3 +/- 0.5 versus 4.7 +/- 0.5 days (mean +/- SD), with a median of 3 versus 5 days, respectively ( = 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Goal-directed intraoperative fluid administration results in earlier return to bowel function, lower incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting, and decrease in length of postoperative hospital stay.
Gan, TJ; Soppitt, A; Maroof, M; el-Moalem, H; Robertson, KM; Moretti, E; Dwane, P; Glass, PSA
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