Race, sex, poverty, and the medical treatment of acute myocardial infarction in the elderly.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

BACKGROUND: Race, sex, and poverty are associated with the use of diagnostic cardiac catheterization and coronary revascularization during treatment of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). However, the association of sociodemographic characteristics with the use of less costly, more readily available medical therapies remains poorly characterized. METHODS AND RESULTS: We evaluated 169 079 Medicare beneficiaries >/=65 years of age treated for AMI between January 1994 and February 1996 to determine the association of patient race, sex, and poverty with the use of medical therapy. Multivariable regression models were constructed to evaluate the unadjusted and adjusted influence of sociodemographic characteristics on the use of 2 admission (aspirin, reperfusion) and 2 discharge therapies (aspirin, beta-blockers) indicated during the treatment of AMI. Therapy use varied by patient race, sex, and poverty status. Black patients were less likely to undergo reperfusion (RR 0.84, 95% CI 0. 78, 0.91) or receive aspirin on admission (RR 0.97, 95% CI 0.96, 0. 99) and beta-blockers (RR 0.94, 95% CI 0.88, 1.00) at discharge. Female patients were less likely to receive aspirin on admission (RR 0.98, 95% CI 0.97, 0.99) and discharge (RR 0.98, 95% CI 0.96, 0.99). Poor patients were less likely to receive aspirin (RR 0.97, 95% CI 0. 96, 0.98) or reperfusion (RR 0.97, 95% CI 0.93, 1.00) on admission and aspirin (RR 0.98, 95% CI 0.96, 1.00), or beta-blockers (RR 0.95, 95% CI 0.91, 0.99) on discharge. CONCLUSIONS: Medical therapies are currently underused in the treatment of black, female, and poor patients with AMI.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Rathore, SS; Berger, AK; Weinfurt, KP; Feinleib, M; Oetgen, WJ; Gersh, BJ; Schulman, KA

Published Date

  • August 8, 2000

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 102 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 642 - 648

PubMed ID

  • 10931804

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1524-4539

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1161/01.cir.102.6.642


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States