Practice patterns in the diagnosis and treatment of anxiety and depression in the medically ill. A survey of psychiatrists.
By use of a survey that assessed practice patterns and responses to case vignettes of anxiety and depression in the medically ill, 38 psychiatrists were compared with 10 national leaders in consultation-liaison psychiatry. On the case vignettes, percentage agreement with the experts varied significantly by case and by question. Fifty-eight percent of the time the psychiatrists agreed with the experts on whether to order laboratory tests as compared with an 81% agreement level on whether to use psychotherapy. Multiple regression analysis revealed that the best model to predict lower agreement with the experts was years in practice plus percentage of time spent in solo (vs. group) practice (r2 = 0.40). This study extended previous data-based pharmacoepidemiology by assessing multiple aspects of psychiatrists' practice patterns. Psychiatrists who are more distant from training years and more isolated from the current stimulation of colleagues may be particularly appropriate targets for continuing education.
Epstein, SA; Gonzales, JJ; Onge, JS; Carter-Campbell, J; Weinfurt, K; Leibole, M; Goldberg, RL
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