Drug uptake and pharmacological modulation of drug sensitivity in leukemia by AQP9.
Leukemia is the most common childhood cancer. Trisenox, the active ingredient of which is trivalent arsenic, is the first line of treatment for acute promyelocytic leukemia. Since drug action usually requires uptake of the drug, it is of importance to determine the transport system responsible for Trisenox uptake. Recently, human aquaglyceroporin 9 (AQP9) has been shown to transport As(III) in Xenopus oocytes. In this study we report to show that AQP9 expression modulates the drug sensitivity of leukemic cells. AQP9 was transfected into the chronic myelogenous leukemia cell line K562. The transfectants became hypersensitive to Trisenox and Sb(III). The promyelocytic leukemia cell line HL60 treated with vitamin D showed higher expression of AQP9 and hypersensitivity to Trisenox and Sb(III). This sensitivity was due to higher rates of uptake of the trivalent metalloids by the cell lines overexpressing AQP9. Trisenox hypersensitivity results from increased expression of AQP9 drug uptake system. The possibility of using pharmacological agents to increase expression of AQP9 gene delivers the promise of new therapies for the treatment of leukemia. Thus, drug hypersensitivity can be correlated with increased expression of the drug uptake system. This is the first demonstration that AQP9 can modulate drug sensitivity in cancer.
Bhattacharjee, H; Carbrey, J; Rosen, BP; Mukhopadhyay, R
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