Combined pulmonary stenosis and insufficiency preserves myocardial contractility in the developing heart of growing swine at midterm follow-up
This study was conducted to determine the effects of chronic combined pulmonary stenosis and pulmonary insufficiency (PSPI) on right (RV) and left ventricular (LV) function in young, growing swine. Six pigs with combined PSPI were studied, and data were compared with previously published data of animals with isolated pulmonary insufficiency and controls. Indexes of systolic function (stroke volume, ejection fraction, and cardiac functional reserve), myocardial contractility (slope of the end-systolic pressure-volume and change in pressure over time-end-diastolic volume relationship), and diastolic compliance were assessed within 2 days of intervention and 3 mo later. Magnetic resonance imaging was used to quantify pulmonary insufficiency and ventricular volumes. The conductance catheter was used to obtain indexes of the cardiac functional reserve, diastolic compliance, and myocardial contractility from pressure-volume relations acquired at rest and under dobutamine infusion. In the PSPI group, the pulmonary regurgitant fraction was 34.3 ± 5.8%, the pressure gradient across the site of pulmonary stenosis was 20.9 ± 20 mmHg, and the average RV peak systolic pressure was 70% systemic at 12 wk follow-up. Biventricular resting cardiac outputs and cardiac functional reserves were significantly limited ( P < 0.05), LV diastolic compliance significantly decreased ( P < 0.05), but RV myocardial contractility significantly enhanced ( P < 0.05) compared with control animals at 3-mo follow-up. In the young, developing heart, chronic combined PSPI impairs biventricular systolic pump function and diastolic compliance but preserves RV myocardial contractility.
Kuehne, T; Gleason, BK; Saeed, M; Turner, D; Weil, J; Teitel, DF; Higgins, CB; Moore, P
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