Withholding medical treatment from the severely demented patient. Decisional processes and cost implications.

Published

Journal Article

We performed an observational study to determine the prevalence of severe dementia in a general medicine unit, the categories of acute medical care provided to these patients, the process by which treatment decisions are made, and their cost implications. The prevalence of severe dementia was 4.4%. The patients from whom some form of acute medical care was withheld (26 [45.6%] of 57) were more severely ill at admission and had a mortality rate five times higher than those who received full care. Physicians cited family wishes in 75.9% of the decisions to limit care but in only 10.9% of the decisions to give full care. The only differences in charges incurred were due to differential mortality rates in individuals from whom care was withheld. We recommend that hospitals develop and implement protocols for decision making in the care of the severely demented to promote open discussions among providers and families and to increase family contributions to decision making. We believe that the extension of this consultative approach to decisions involving severely demented patients may have the virtue of combining more humane care with more cost-effective care.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Wray, N; Brody, B; Bayer, T; Boisaubin, E; Davila, F; Dresser, R; Dunn, JK; Engelhardt, HT; Haley, H; Hamilton, JD

Published Date

  • September 1988

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 148 / 9

Start / End Page

  • 1980 - 1984

PubMed ID

  • 3137906

Pubmed Central ID

  • 3137906

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1538-3679

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0003-9926

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1001/archinte.1988.00380090062017

Language

  • eng