Cytochalasins induce actin polymerization in human leukocytes.
We studied the effect of cytochalasins (B, D, and E) on the F-actin content in human neutrophils and lymphocytes using NBD-phallacidin labeling followed by flow cytometry. All three cytochalasins induced a concentration- and time-dependent increase in the F-actin content in both cell types. The order of potency was cytochalasin D greater than E greater than B. The increase in F-actin content was accompanied by a decrease in the G-actin content as measured by DNase I inhibition assay. These observations suggest that in intact cells cytochalasins may function differently compared to purified and semipurified systems, and their effects may be modified through other actin-binding or sequestering proteins. 2-deoxyglucose (20 mM) caused a decrease in the basal F-actin content and significantly reduced the change induced by the cytochalasins. These results suggest that the state of actin in intact cells is regulated by cytosolic ATP levels, primarily by the integrity of the glycolytic pathway. Based on these observations, we conclude that the mechanism of action of cytochalasins in intact cells is more complex than current models suggest.
Rao, KM; Padmanabhan, J; Cohen, HJ
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