Age-related alterations in actin cytoskeleton and receptor expression in human leukocytes.

Journal Article

We studied a number of parameters, which may all depend upon cytoskeletal function, comparing lymphocytes and granulocytes (PMN) from young and old healthy donors. F-actin content was measured by NBD-phallacidin staining, followed by flow cytometry and was expressed as mean channel fluorescence (MCF). There were no differences in the basal F-actin content of PMN obtained from young (under 35 years old) and old donors (above 65 years). In contrast, the basal F-actin content was higher in lymphocytes obtained from the old donors (MCF, 56.8 +/- 2.9 vs 48.1 +/- 2.6 in the young; mean +/- SEM, n = 20, p less than .03). Stimulus-induced actin polymerization was slightly lower in the older age-group both in PMN and lymphocytes, but a significant difference was found only in PMN stimulated with the chemotactic peptide, N-formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine (MCF 97.9 +/- 4.7 vs 88.6 +/- 3.4; young vs old, mean +/- SEM, n = 20, p less than .05). Interleukin-2 receptor expression was measured by staining with FITC-conjugated anti-CD25 antibodies and flow cytometry, following stimulation with phytohemagglutinin (PHA) or pokeweed mitogen (PWM). Perturbation of the cytoskeletal system with pentoxifylline, which has been shown to decrease F-actin content and inhibit the expression of several cell surface receptors, had similar effects on leukocytes from young and old donors.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Rao, KM; Currie, MS; Padmanabhan, J; Cohen, HJ

Published Date

  • March 1992

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 47 / 2

Start / End Page

  • B37 - B44

PubMed ID

  • 1538058

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0022-1422

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States