Endothelin-1 selectively contracts portal vein through both ETA and ETB receptors in isolated rabbit liver.


Journal Article

We determined the constrictive effects of endothelin (ET)-1 on the hepatic vascular resistance distribution and the receptor subtype responsible for the effect in isolated rabbit livers perfused via the portal vein with 5% albumin-Krebs solution. The sinusoidal pressure was estimated using the double vascular occlusion pressure. The basal portal venous resistance comprised 59% of the total portal-hepatic venous resistance. In response to a bolus injection of ET-1 (0.05-5 micrograms), which led to a final concentration of 0.1-10 nM in the recirculating perfusate, the portal venous resistance increased in a dose-dependent manner, whereas the hepatic venous resistance did not change significantly at any concentration. This hepatic vasoconstriction was associated with liver weight loss. The selective portal venous constriction induced by ET-1 was confirmed in livers perfused retrogradely from the hepatic vein to the portal vein. The ET-1-induced hepatic vasoconstriction was significantly attenuated by the selective ETA receptor antagonist BQ-123 (1 microM). The ETB receptor antagonist BQ-788 (1 microM) also attenuated the constriction at ET-1 concentrations less than 10 nM. The combination of BQ-123 and BQ-788 tended to inhibit the hepatic vasoconstriction more effectively than BQ-123 alone. These results suggest that ET-1 selectively constricts the portal vein via both ETA and ETB receptors, with predominance of ETA receptor in isolated albumin-Krebs-perfused rabbit livers.

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Wang, HG; Shibamoto, T; Miyahara, T

Published Date

  • November 1997

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 273 / 5

Start / End Page

  • G1036 - G1043

PubMed ID

  • 9374700

Pubmed Central ID

  • 9374700

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2163-5773

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0002-9513

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1152/ajpgi.1997.273.5.g1036


  • eng