Novel missense mutation in the cyclic nucleotide-binding domain of HERG causes long QT syndrome.

Published

Journal Article

Autosomal-dominant long QT syndrome (LQT) is an inherited disorder, predisposing affected individuals to sudden death from tachyarrhythmias. To identify the gene(s) responsible for LQT, we identified and characterized an LQT family consisting of 48 individuals. DNA was screened with 150 microsatellite polymorphic markers encompassing approximately 70% of the genome. We found evidence for linkage of the LQT phenotype to chromosome 7(q35-36). Marker D7S636 yielded a maximum lod score of 6.93 at a recombination fraction (theta) of 0.00. Haplotype analysis further localized the LQT gene within a 6.2-cM interval. HERG encodes a potassium channel which has been mapped to this region. Single-strand conformational polymorphism analyses demonstrated aberrant bands that were unique to all affected individuals. DNA sequencing of the aberrant bands demonstrated a G to A substitution in all affected patients; this point mutation results in the substitution of a highly conserved valine residue with a methionine (V822M) in the cyclic nucleotide-binding domain of this potassium channel. The cosegregation of this distinct mutation with LQT demonstrates that HERG is the LQT gene in this pedigree. Furthermore, the location and character of this mutation suggests that the cyclic nucleotide-binding domain of the potassium channel encoded by HERG plays an important role in normal cardiac repolarization and may decrease susceptibility to ventricular tachyarrhythmias.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Satler, CA; Walsh, EP; Vesely, MR; Plummer, MH; Ginsburg, GS; Jacob, HJ

Published Date

  • October 2, 1996

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 65 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 27 - 35

PubMed ID

  • 8914737

Pubmed Central ID

  • 8914737

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0148-7299

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1002/(SICI)1096-8628(19961002)65:1<27::AID-AJMG4>3.0.CO;2-V

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States