Individual differences in smoking reward from de-nicotinized cigarettes.
Most studies of cigarette smoking and smoking cessation have focused on the psychopharmacological effects of nicotine; relatively few have explored the role of sensory aspects of cigarette smoke. Sensory aspects of cigarette smoke play a role in the maintenance of smoking behavior, and may be particularly important for certain smokers. This paper presents the results of a pooled analysis of nine studies conducted in our laboratory, in order to explore the influence of demographic and smoking-related variables on ratings of de-nicotinized as compared to nicotine-containing cigarettes. A major finding of this analysis is that ratings of smoking derived from de-nicotinized, but not nicotine-containing, cigarettes appear to vary with level of tobacco dependence, suggesting that sensory factors may be more important to highly dependent, as compared to less-dependent, smokers. The implications of these findings for smoking cessation treatment and for future research are discussed.
Brauer, LH; Behm, FM; Lane, JD; Westman, EC; Perkins, C; Rose, JE
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