Predictors of suicide attempts: state and trait components.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

The authors examined the state and trait components of 3 predictors of suicide attempts (depression, hopelessness, and anxiety), and their relationship to suicidal behavior. Self-report questionnaire and interview data from 180 adolescents enrolled in a prospective naturalistic study were analyzed. Between 23% and 30% of the variance in the predictors was attributable to subjects' trait levels of these variables; the trait, as well as the state, components of the predictor variables were interrelated; and trait levels of these variables were consistently related to suicide attempts. To reduce long-term risk of suicide attempts, clinicians should focus not only on reducing short-term distress but also on reducing individuals' more enduring patterns (trait levels) of negative affectivity.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Goldston, DB; Reboussin, BA; Daniel, SS

Published Date

  • November 2006

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 115 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 842 - 849

PubMed ID

  • 17100542

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0021-843X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1037/0021-843X.115.4.842


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States