Provider-patient communication about antidepressants among veterans with mental health conditions.
BACKGROUND:Little is known about provider-patient communication regarding antidepressants in primary care settings. OBJECTIVE:The purpose of the study was to describe the extent to which veterans and their providers discuss anti-depressants during primary care visits, and to examine how patient characteristics are related to elements of this communication. METHODS:This study is a secondary analysis conducted of a data set of audiotaped clinic visits and previsit interviews with 253 adult male veterans seen in primary care. The study patients who were provided an initial antidepressant prescription or continued on an antidepressant on the day of the audiotaped visit and who had a diagnosis of depression, posttraumatic stress disorder, or bipolar disorder were included in the current analysis. Audiotapes were coded using a reliable instrument. Descriptive and bivariate statistics were calculated. RESULTS:Forty veterans (mean [SD] age, 58.9 [10.4] years) were eligible for study. Of these 40 veterans with a documented prescription for an antidepressant, 62.5% (n = 25) discussed these medications with their provider during the visits. If antidepressants were discussed, the provider initiated the discussion 68.0% (n = 17) of the time. Only 2 patients asked questions about their antidepressants. Thirty-two of the 40 veterans were continued users of anti-depressants; 8 began their antidepressant on the date of the audiotaped visit. Providers asked 15.6% of veterans (n = 5) on continued therapy how well their antidepressants were working and 6.3% of veterans (n = 2) on continued therapy about adverse effects. Among continued users of antidepressants, 18.8% (n = 6) expressed a complaint about their antidepressant and 21.9% (n = 7) of patients expressed an adherence problem. CONCLUSIONS:To detect and prevent problems with antidepressant therapy, primary care clinics should consider having nonphysician health care personnel ask patients taking antidepressant medication at least one open-ended question about how the antidepressant is working, another about possible adverse effects or barriers to use, and a third about adherence.
Sleath, B; Tulsky, JA; Peck, BM; Thorpe, J
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