Total nitrogen oxide following exercise testing reflects endothelial function and discriminates health status.
Nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability is important in vascular health, but unsuitable as a clinical measure due to biological oxidation. Total nitrogen oxides (NO(x)) are stable but background nitrate levels make it difficult to detect disease-based variation. We investigated the clinical discriminatory value of NO(x) as it relates to exercise capability (VO(2peak)) and brachial artery reactivity (BAR, an NO-dependent measure of endothelial health), in healthy (H), increased risk (RF), and known cardiovascular disease (CVD) subjects. BAR was measured using forearm occlusion/hyperemia stimulus. Subjects performed a maximal graded exercise test (GXT). Blood at rest, exercise termination, and 10 min into recovery was mixed equally with 0.1 M NaOH at 4 degrees C, filtered, and stored at -70 degrees C. NO(x) was measured by chemiluminescence. Seven of the RF group then exercise-trained for 6 months prior to retesting. The H group (n = 12) was younger, had higher VO(2peak), HDL levels, and baseline NO(x) values than the RF (n = 15) and CVD (n = 10) groups. NO(x) increased from baseline to recovery in the H group only (75.85 +/- 19.04 microM vs 97.76 +/- 31.93 microM; P
Allen, JD; Cobb, FR; Kraus, WE; Gow, AJ
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