Antibodies to granulocyte precursors in selective myeloid hypoplasia and other suspected autoimmune neutropenias: use of HL-60 cells as targets.
Patients with syndromes of autoantibody-mediated hematocytopenias may manifest signs of increased cell destruction and/or decreased cell production, depending on the maturity of the target cell and the effects of antibody binding. The purpose of this study was to use a cultured human cell line of hematopoietic origin for in vitro assays of antibody binding to overcome the relative inaccessibility of natural human marrow progenitor cells. This report describes the detection, using radioiodinated staphylococcal protein A (SPA), of antibodies binding to a human promyelocytic cell line (HL-60) in sera from three patients with chronic idiopathic granulocytic hypoplasia ("pure white cell aplasia," PWCA) and 22 patients with other syndromes of suspected immune neutropenia. Bone marrow from patients with increased IgG binding to HL-60 cells showed less than 15% granulocytic lineage cellularity in 11 of 17 cases. In vitro differentiation of HL-60 cells by retinoic acid resulted in increased IgG binding for sera that had shown increased IgG binding to mature granulocytes but not undifferentiated HL-60 cells; in contrast, for sera with antibodies to untreated HL-60 cells and for normal serum, in vitro differentiation had little effect on IgG binding. Antibodies eluted from mature granulocytes were similar to the parent serum regarding the ratio of IgG binding to mature cells v HL-60 cells. No sera from 19 patients with febrile transfusion reactions showed increased IgG binding to HL-60 cells in the absence of increased IgG binding to mature granulocytes, although two sera had antibodies to both cell types. The use of HL-60 cells as targets may permit measurement of serum antibodies associated with granulocytic hypoplasia. In combination with assays to detect antibody binding to mature granulocytes, these techniques may discriminate among autoantibody specificities for antigens that are gained, conserved, or lost during myeloid maturation.
Currie, MS; Weinberg, JB; Rustagi, PK; Logue, GL
Volume / Issue
Start / End Page
Pubmed Central ID
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)