Phorbol diester-induced H2O2 production by peritoneal macrophages. Different H2O2 production by macrophages from normal and BCG-infected mice despite comparable phorbol diester receptors.
Mouse peritoneal macrophages respond to environmental stimuli in different ways depending on their state of differentiation. Macrophages from mice with bacillus Calmette--Guerin (BCG) infection produced large amounts of H2O2 in response to phorbol diesters (PDEs), while those from noninfected mice produced little or no H2O2. The effects of PDEs on cells are mediated by specific cellular receptors for these ligands. The purpose of this study was to determine if the varying responses of macrophages from different groups of mice were caused by differences in their receptors for the PDE ligands. By all parameters studied, the binding of [20-3H]phorbol 12,13-dibutyrate ( [3H]PDBu) was similar in all macrophages irrespective of their ability to produce H2O2 in response to PDEs. Binding of [3H]PDBu was rapid at 23 degrees C reaching a maximum at 10-20 min with a subsequent decline to 50-60% of maximum by 30-60 min. Binding was slower at 0 degrees C reaching a maximum at 90-120 min. The binding was reversible, with dissociation kinetics paralleling association kinetics. The binding was saturable; the Kd's (45 to 91 nM) and number of binding sites (about 7-14 X 10(5)/cell or 11-12 pmol/mg protein) were essentially the same for the different classes of macrophages. The binding was specific, and analogs of PDBu inhibited [3H]PDBu binding to macrophages with potencies comparable to their potencies in causing in vivo tumor promotion and elicitation of other cellular responses in vitro. The ligands [3H]PDBu and [3H]PMA were degraded to comparable degrees by macrophages from normal or BCG-infected mice. Macrophages from C3H/HeJ and C3H/HeN mice, although known to differ in their abilities to respond to stimuli such as lymphokines and LPS, did not differ in their ability to produce H2O2 in response to PDEs or in their receptors for PDEs. Results of this study suggest that in vivo "activation" of macrophages in mice infected with BCG is not associated with a change in the cells' receptors for PDEs, but may be associated with "postreceptor" changes such as linkage of the PDE receptor with NAD(P)H oxidase, a change in NAD(P)H oxidase, or induction of synthesis of NAD(P)H oxidase.
Weinberg, JB; Misukonis, MA
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