Clinical trials with human tumor necrosis factor: in vivo and in vitro effects on human mononuclear phagocyte function.
The purpose of this investigation was to understand the biological effects of recombinant human tumor necrosis factor used as therapy for cancer. We studied changes in mononuclear phagocyte function following exposure to this cytokine in vitro or in vivo. Tumor necrosis factor increased phorbol myristate acetate-induced hydrogen peroxide production 8- to 20-fold in peripheral blood monocytes and peritoneal macrophages in vitro in a dose-dependent manner. Similarly, tumor necrosis factor increased phorbol myristate acetate-induced peroxide production 2.3-fold in monocytes isolated from nine patients following an i.v. infusion of this cytokine (40 to 200 micrograms/m2). In addition, tumor necrosis factor induced a 2.3-fold increase in tissue factor-like activity in mononuclear phagocytes in vitro. In vivo, tumor necrosis factor induced a trend toward higher procoagulant activity in monocytes, although this change was not statistically significant. We also noted a trend toward increased activated partial thromboplastin times and the presence of fibrin D-dimer in patients treated with tumor necrosis factor, demonstrating activation of the coagulation and fibrinolytic systems. Thus, in vivo treatment of humans with i.v. recombinant human tumor necrosis factor induced functional changes in mononuclear phagocytes similar to those noted with in vitro treatment.
Conkling, PR; Chua, CC; Nadler, P; Greenberg, CS; Doty, E; Misukonis, MA; Haney, AF; Bast, RC; Weinberg, JB
Volume / Issue
Start / End Page
Pubmed Central ID
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)