Alabama coronary artery bypass grafting project: results from phase II of a statewide quality improvement initiative.

Published

Journal Article

OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: This report describes the first round of results for Phase II of the Alabama CABG Project, a regional quality improvement initiative. METHODS: Charts submitted by all hospitals in Alabama performing CABG (ICD-9 codes 36.10-36.20) were reviewed by a Clinical Data Abstraction Center (CDAC) (preintervention 1999-2000; postintervention 2000-2001). Variables that described quality in Phase I were abstracted for Phase II and data describing the new variables of beta-blocker use and lipid management were collected. Data samples collected onsite by participating hospitals were used for rapid cycle improvement in Phase II. RESULTS: CDAC data (n = 1927 cases in 1999; n = 2001 cases in 2000) showed that improvements from Phase I in aspirin prescription, internal mammary artery use, and duration of intubation persisted in Phase II. During Phase II, use of beta-blockers before, during, or after CABG increased from 65% to 76% of patients (P < 0.05). Appropriate lipid management, an aggregate variable, occurred in 91% of patients before and 91% after the educational intervention. However, there were improvements in 3 of 5 subcategories for lipid management (documenting a lipid disorder [52%-57%], initiating drug therapy [45%-53%], and dietary counseling [74%-91%]; P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: In Phase II, this statewide process-oriented quality improvement program added two new measures of quality. Achievements of quality improvement from Phase I persisted in Phase II, and improvements were seen in the new variables of lipid management and perioperative use of beta-blockers.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Holman, WL; Sansom, M; Kiefe, CI; Peterson, ED; Hubbard, SG; Delong, JF; Allman, RM

Published Date

  • January 2004

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 239 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 99 - 109

PubMed ID

  • 14685107

Pubmed Central ID

  • 14685107

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0003-4932

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1097/01.sla.0000103065.17661.8f

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States